Health Insurance Reform Schedule

2010
New programs:

  • Temporary retiree reinsurance program.
  • National risk pool, small business tax credit.
  • $250 rebate for Medicare members who reach the “doughnut hole”.

Health Insurance Reforms:

  • No lifetime benefit limits based on dollar amounts.
  • Allowed restricted yearly limits on the dollar value of certain benefits.
  • No coverage rescissions/cancellations (except for fraud or internal misrepresentation).
  • No cost-sharing obligations for preventive services.
  • Must have dependent coverage up to age 26.
  • New internal and external appeal process.
  • No pre-existing condition exclusions for dependent children (under 19 years of age).
  • New health plan disclosure and transparency requirements.

2011
Insurance Reforms:

  • New uniform coverage documents and standard definitions are developed.
  • Must have minimum medical loss ratios.

Medicare Reforms:

  • Start of Medicare Advantage cost-sharing limits.
  • Medicare beneficiaries who reach the doughnut hole to get a 50% discount on brand name drugs.
  • Primary care doctors and general surgeons practicing in underserved areas, such as inner city and rural communities to get a 10% bonus.
  • Medicare Advantage plans begin having payments frozen.

Other:

  • Yearly fee for brand-name drug manufacturers.
  • Start of voluntary long-term care insurance program giving a cash benefit to help those with disabilities stay in their homes or pay nursing home cost: benefit starts 5 years after paying coverage fee.
  • Increased funding for community health centers to provide care for many low-income and uninsured people.

2012

  • Hospitals, doctors and payers encouraged to join forces in “accountable care organizations”.
  • Hospitals with high rates of preventable readmissions facing reduced Medicare payments.

2013

  • Individuals making $200,000 a year or couples making $250,000 would have a higher Medicare payroll tax of 2.35% on earned income – up from the current 1.45%. A new 3.8% tax on unearned income, such as dividends and interest, also added.
  • Contributions to flexible spending accounts (FSAs) limited to $2,500 a year – indexed for inflation. And the threshold for deducting medical expenses on taxes goes from 7.5% to 10% income.
  • Medical device manufacturers have a 2.9% sales tax on medical devices; with exemptions for some, like eyeglasses, contact lens, and hearing aids.
  • No more deduction for expenses allocable to Medicare Part D subsidy for employers who maintain prescription drug plans for their Medicare Part D-eligible retirees.

2014
Coverage Mandates & Subsidies:

  • New Individual and employer coverage responsibilities.
  • New Individual affordability tax credit and expanded small business tax credits.

Health Insurance Exchange & Insurance Reforms:

  • State individual and small group health insurance exchanges operational.
  • Guaranteed issue, guaranteed renewability, modified community rating and minimum benefit standards (“essential benefits” plan) effective.
  • No more lifetime and yearly dollar limits for essential benefits.
  • New taxes on health insurers.

2018

  • New tax (“Cadillac tax”) on employer-sponsored health plans that offer policies with generous coverage levels.

2020

  • Doughnut hole coverage gap in Medicare prescription benefits is fully phased out. Seniors continue to pay the standard 25% of their drug costs until they reach the threshold for Medicare catastrophic coverage.

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